Thorium Fluoride SDS

Thorium Fluoride SDS

SDS of Thorium Fluoride


  1. Identification

Product identifier          Thorium Fluoride

Synonyms                        Thorium tetrafluoride


Company name             International Bio-Analytical Industries, Inc.

Address                           3495 N. Dixie Hwy. Unit 8

Boca Raton, Florida


United States

Telephone                                  561-826-0061




  1. Hazard(s) identification

Physical hazards                       Not classified.

Health hazards                         Not classified.

Environmental hazards          Not classified.

OSHA defined hazards           Not classified.

Label elements

Signal word                               Warning

Hazard statement

Causes serious eye irritation. Causes skin irritation. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause

harm to breast-fed children. May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.

Precautionary statement


Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Do not breathe

dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray. Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing. Wash thoroughly

after handling. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Wear eye protection/face

protection. Wear protective gloves. Use personal protective equipment as required. Observe good

industrial hygiene practices.


If on skin: Wash with plenty of water. If inhaled: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable

for breathing. IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing. Get

medical assistance if you feel unwell. If in eyes: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.

Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. If exposed or concerned: Get

medical advice/attention. Call a poison center/doctor if you feel unwell. If skin irritation occurs: Get

medical advice/attention. If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. Take off

contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Wash hands after handling.


Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. Store away from incompatible materials.


Dispose of waste and residues in accordance with local authority requirements. Dispose of

contents/container (in accordance with related regulations).

Hazard(s) not otherwise classified (HNOC)


Radioactive material must be handled by qualified personnel in conformity with

regulations appropriate to the government agency authorized to license the use of this



  1. Composition/information on ingredients


Chemical name                                                    Common name and synonyms                                                 CAS number                                                           %

Thorium Fluoride                                               Thorium tetrafluoride                                                                 13709-59-6100                                                    100

  1. First-aid measures


Move to fresh air. Notify radiation safety personnel immediately. Call a physician if symptoms

develop or persist. The amount of material inhaled should be assessed and documented.

Skin contact

Remove contaminated clothing immediately and wash skin with soap and water. Do not abrade

skin. Always blot dry. Notify radiation safety personnel. Get medical attention if irritation develops

and persists.

Eye contact

Rinse with water. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Notify radiation safety

personnel. Get medical attention if irritation develops and persists.


Notify radiation safety personnel immediately. Rinse mouth. Get medical attention if symptoms occur.

Most important symptoms/effects, acute and  delayed

Severe eye irritation. Symptoms may include stinging, tearing, redness, swelling, and blurred  vision. May cause respiratory irritation. Skin irritation.


Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

Treat symptomatically.


General information

Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved, and take precautions to

protect themselves.

  1. Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media

Water fog. Foam. Dry chemical powder. Carbon dioxide (CO2). Use fire-extinguishing media appropriate for surrounding materials.

Unsuitable extinguishing media

Do not use water jet as an extinguisher, as this will spread the fire. Use fire-extinguishing media appropriate for surrounding materials.

Specific hazards arising from the chemical

During fire, gases hazardous to health may be formed.

Special protective equipment and precautions for firefighters

Wear full protective clothing, including helmet, self-contained positive pressure or pressure demand breathing apparatus, protective clothing and face mask.

Fire fighting  equipment/instructions

Move containers from fire area if you can do so without risk.

Specific methods

Use standard firefighting procedures and consider the hazards of other involved materials.

General fire hazards

No unusual fire or explosion hazards noted.

  1. Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective  equipment and emergency  procedures

Keep unnecessary personnel away. Avoid contact with spilled material. For personal protection,  see section 8 of the SDS.

Methods and materials for containment and cleaning  

Collect and dispose of spillage as indicated in section 13 of the SDS. In the event of a spill or

upaccidental release, notify relevant authorities in accordance with all applicable regulations. Clean

up in accordance with all applicable regulations. Stop the flow of material, if this is without risk.

Following product recovery, flush area with water.

Environmental precautions

Avoid discharge into drains, water courses or onto the ground.

  1. Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling

Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read

and understood. Avoid all personal contact. Avoid contact with skin. Avoid contact with eyes. Avoid

contact during pregnancy/while nursing. Avoid prolonged exposure. When using, do not eat, drink

or smoke. Use personal protective equipment as required. Wash thoroughly after handling. Avoid

release to the environment.

Conditions for safe storage,  including any incompatibilities

Store locked up. Store in a place accessible by authorized persons only. Store in a cool, dry place

out of direct sunlight. Store in original tightly closed container. Keep container tightly closed. Keep

out of the reach of children. Store away from incompatible materials (see Section 10 of the SDS).

Store in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

  1. Exposure controls/personal protection

Occupational exposure limits 

US OSHA Table Z-1 Limits for Air Contaminants (29 CFR 1910.1000)

Material                                                                             Type                                                                      Value


Thorium Fluoride (CAS 13709-59-6)                          PEL                                                                       2.5 mg/m3

US OSHA Table Z-2 (29 CFR 1910.1000)

Material                                                                            Type                                                                       Value                                                      Form


Thorium Fluoride (CAS 13709-59-6)                         TWA                                                                       2.5 mg/m3                                            Dust.

US ACGIH Threshold Limit Values


Material                                                                          Type                                                                          Value


Thorium Fluoride (CAS 13709-59-6)                       TWA                                                                          2.5 mg/m3

US NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Material                                                                       Type                                                                               Value


Thorium Fluoride (CAS 13709-59-6)                    TWA                                                                              2.5 mg/m3

California Code of Regulations, Title 8, Section 5155. Airborne Contaminants

Material                                                                      Type                                                                               Value


Thorium Fluoride (CAS 13709-59-6)                   PEL                                                                                 2.5 mg/m3


Biological limit values

ACGIH Biological Exposure Indices

Material                                                                    Value                                                                                Determinant                               Specimen                                           Sampling Time

Thorium Fluoride (CAS   13709-59-6)                3 mg/l                                                                             Fluoride                                        Urine                                                  *

2 mg/                                                                              lFluoride                                        Urine                                                  *

* – For sampling details, please see the source document.

Control parameters                                      Follow standard monitoring procedures. Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment

Eye/face protection                                    Wear safety glasses with side shields (or goggles).

Skin protection                                             

Hand protection

Wear appropriate chemical resistant gloves. Rubber gloves. Suitable gloves can be recommended by the glove supplier.


Wear suitable protective clothing. Lab coat.

Respiratory protection

In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment.

Thermal hazards

Wear appropriate thermal protective clothing, when necessary.

General hygiene considerations

No smoking, eating or drinking should be allowed in any area where radioactive materials are

handled or stored. When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Always observe good personal

hygiene measures, such as washing after handling the material and before eating, drinking, and/or

smoking.  Routinely wash work clothing and protective equipment to remove contaminants.

  1. Physical and chemical properties


Physical state                                                                             Solid.

Form                                                                                            Solid.

Color                                                                                            Not available.

Odor                                                                                            Not applicable.

Odor threshold                                                                          Not available.

pH                                                                                                Not available.

Melting point/freezing point                                                 Not available.

Initial boiling point and boiling  range                               Not applicable.

Flash point                                                                                Not available.

Evaporation rate                                                                      Not available.

Flammability (solid, gas)                                                       Not available.

Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits

Flammability limit – lower (%)                                             Not available.

Flammability limit – upper  (%)                                           Not available.

Explosive limit – lower (%)                                                   Not available.

Explosive limit – upper (%)                                                  Not available.

Vapor pressure                                                                       < 0.0000001 kPa at 25 °C

Vapor density                                                                         Not available.

Relative density                                                                      Not available.


Solubility (water)                                                                   Not available.

Partition coefficient  (n-octanol/water)                            Not available.

Auto-ignition temperature                                                  Not applicable.

Decomposition temperature                                               Not available.

Viscosity                                                                                  Not available.

Other information

Explosive properties                                                               Not explosive.

Molecular formula                                                                  F4Th

Oxidizing properties                                                               Not oxidizing.

  1. Stability and reactivity

Reactivity                                                                        The product is stable and non-reactive under normal conditions of use, storage and transport.

Chemical stability                                                       Stable; however, may decompose if heated.

Possibility of hazardous reactions                     No dangerous reaction known under conditions of normal use.

Conditions to avoid                                                   Contact with incompatible materials.

Incompatible materials                                           Strong oxidizing agents.

Hazardous decomposition products                No hazardous decomposition products are known.


  1. Toxicological information

Information on likely routes of exposure

Inhalation                                             May cause irritation to the respiratory system. Prolonged inhalation may be harmful.

Skin contact                                         Causes skin irritation.

Eye contact                                           Causes serious eye irritation.

Ingestion                                                Due to lack of data the classification is not possible.

Symptoms related to the   physical, chemical and toxicological characteristics                   Irritant effects.

Information on toxicological effects

Acute toxicity                                                                     May cause respiratory irritation.

Skin corrosion/irritation                                                Causes skin irritation.

Serious eye damage/eye irritation                             Causes serious eye irritation.

Respiratory or skin sensitization

Respiratory sensitization                                               Due to lack of data the classification is not possible.

Skin sensitization                                                               Due to lack of data the classification is not possible.

Germ cell mutagenicity                                                   Due to lack of data the classification is not possible.

Carcinogenicity                                                                   This product is not considered to be a carcinogen by IARC, ACGIH, NTP, or OSHA.

IARC Monographs. Overall Evaluation of Carcinogenicity

Thorium Fluoride (CAS 13709-59-6)                                 Not classifiable as to carcinogenicity to humans US OSHA Specifically Regulated Substances (29 CFR 1910.1001-1050)

Not listed.

Reproductive toxicity                                                       May cause harm to breastfed babies. Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.

Specific target organ toxicity single exposure     Respiratory tract irritation.

Specific target organ toxicity – repeated exposure                         May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Aspiration hazard              Due to lack of data the classification is not possible.

Chronic effects                    May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. Prolonged inhalation may be harmful.

Further information                                                               This product has no known adverse effect on human health.

  1. Ecological information

Ecotoxicity                                                         Contains a substance which causes risk of hazardous effects to the environment.

Persistence and degradability                 No data is available on the degradability of this product.

Bioaccumulative potential                        No data available.

Mobility in soil                                                No data available.

Other adverse effects                                   No other adverse environmental effects (e.g. ozone depletion, photochemical ozone creation

potential, endocrine disruption, global warming potential) are expected from this component.


  1. Disposal considerations

Disposal instructions                Collect and reclaim or dispose in sealed containers at licensed waste disposal site. Radioactive waste must be handled in accordance with procedures established by your Radiation Safety Officer, NRC and other applicable regulations.

Local disposal regulations      Dispose in accordance with all applicable regulations.

Hazardous waste code              The waste code should be assigned in discussion between the user, the producer and the waste disposal company.

Waste from residues / unused products     Empty containers or liners may retain some product residues. This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe manner (see: Disposal instructions). Dispose of in accordance with local regulations.

Contaminated packaging         Since emptied containers may retain product residue, follow label warnings even after container is emptied. Empty containers should be taken to an approved waste handling site for recycling or disposal.

  1. Transport information

The U.S. Department of Transportation (D.O.T.) Code of Federal Regulations (49 CFR Parts 100-185), the International Air Transportation Association (IATA), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and International Maritime Organization (IMDG) are all factored into the classification and transport of material.

Proper Shipping Name:     To be determined on a case by case basis.

Hazard Class:                       To be determined on a case by case basis.

UN/ID Number:                 To be determined on a case by case basis.

Special Information:         To be determined on a case by case basis.

Packing Group:                  To be determined on a case by case basis.

Classification of substances with multiple hazards must be determined in accordance with the criteria presented in the above mentioned regulations. Due to the various quantities/combinations of materials being shipped at one time, the information above must be determined based on the characteristics of the specific shipment.


  1. Regulatory information

US federal regulations                               CERCLA/SARA Hazardous Substances – Not applicable.

All components are on the U.S. EPA TSCA Inventory List.

This product is a “Hazardous Chemical” as defined by the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1200.

TSCA Section 12(b) Export Notification (40 CFR 707, Subpt. D)

Not regulated.

CERCLA Hazardous Substance List (40 CFR 302.4)

Not listed

US OSHA Specifically Regulated Substances (29 CFR 1910.1001-1050)

Not listed.

Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (SARA)

Hazard categories                                  Immediate Hazard – No

Delayed Hazard – No

Fire Hazard – No

Pressure Hazard – No

Reactivity Hazard – No

SARA 302 Extremely hazardous substance

Not listed.

SARA 311/312 HazardousYes


SARA 313 (TRI reporting)

Not regulated.

Other federal regulations

Clean Air Act (CAA) Section 112 Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) List

Not regulated.

Clean Air Act (CAA) Section 112(r) Accidental Release Prevention (40 CFR 68.130)

Not regulated.

Safe Drinking Water Act4.0 mg/l

(SDWA)4.0 mg/l

US state regulations                California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 (Proposition 65): This material is not known to contain any chemicals currently listed as carcinogens or reproductive toxins.

US – New Jersey RTK – Substances: Listed substance

Thorium Fluoride (CAS 13709-59-6)

  1. California Controlled Substances. CA Department of Justice (California Health and Safety Code Section 11100)

Not listed.

  1. Massachusetts RTK – Substance List

Not regulated.

  1. New Jersey Worker and Community Right-to-Know Act

Not regulated.

  1. Pennsylvania RTK – Hazardous Substances

Thorium Fluoride (CAS 13709-59-6)

  1. Pennsylvania Worker and Community Right-to-Know Law

Thorium Fluoride (CAS 13709-59-6)

  1. Rhode Island RTK

Not regulated.

  1. California Proposition 65

California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 (Proposition 65): This material is not known to contain

any chemicals currently listed as carcinogens or reproductive toxins.

  1. Other information, including date of preparation or last revision


Revision date 02-01-2016

Version #1

Further informationEmergency telephone numbers

Austria – VergiftungsInformationsZentrale, +431.406.43.43

Belgium – Centre Antipoisons – +070.245.245

Bulgaria – Телефон за спешни случаи / факс, +359.2.9154.409

Cyprus – +357.22405611

Czech Republic – Toxikologické informační středisko, +420.224.919.293

Denmark – Akuthjælp ved forgiftning, +

Estonia – Mürgistusteabekeskuse, 16662

Finland – Myrkytystietokeskus, +(0)9.471.977

France – numéro ORFILA, +33.(0)

Germany – GIZ-Nord Poisons Centre, +49.(0)551.383.1876

Greece – +

Hungary – Az Egészségügyi Toxikológiai Tájékoztató Szolgálat, +36 1 476 6464

Iceland – +354.591.2000

Ireland – National Poisons Information Centre – +353.01.8092566

Italy – Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 064990.2423

Latvia – Valsts Toksikoloģijas centra Saindēšanās un zāļu informācijas centrs, +371.67042473

Liechtenstein – +423.236.61.95

Lithuania – Neatidėliotina informacija apsinuodijus, +370 5 236 20 52

Luxembourg – +352 42 59 91 600

Malta – 2545 0000

Netherlands – NVIC, 030-2748888

Norway – Giftinformasjonen,

Poland – Biuro ds. Substancji Chemicznych, +48 42 2538 424

Portugal – 808.250.143

Romania – Biroul RSI si Informare Toxicologica, 021.318.36.06

Slovakia – NTIC, +421.2.5477.4166

Slovenia – Kemična urad Republike Slovenije + 386.

Spain – Servicio de Información Toxicológica, + 34.91.562.04.20

Sweden – 112


EPA: AQUIRE database

NLM: Hazardous Substances Data Base

  1. IARC Monographs on Occupational Exposures to Chemical Agents

DisclaimerAdditional information is given in the Material Safety Data Sheet. IBI Labs cannot

anticipate all conditions under which this information and its product, or the products of other

manufacturers in combination with its product, may be used.  It is the user’s responsibility to

ensure safe conditions for handling, storage and disposal of the product, and to assume liability for

loss, injury, damage or expense due to improper use.

This document has been prepared using data from sources considered to be technically reliable

and the information is believed to be correct. IBI Labs makes no warranties, expressed or implied,

as to the accuracy of the information contained herein. Materion cannot anticipate all conditions

under which this information and its products may be used and the actual conditions of use are

beyond its control. The user is responsible to evaluate all available information when using this

product for any particular use and to comply with all Federal, State, Provincial and Local laws,

statutes and regulations.